Eye Inflammation in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment 

Just like humans, dogs can experience eye inflammation, which requires prompt attention and proper understanding from dog owners. Recognising the symptoms and understanding the reasons behind eye inflammation can help you take early action to alleviate your dog’s discomfort. In this blog, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and potential treatments for eye inflammation in dogs

Causes of Eye Inflammation in Dogs: 

Several factors can lead to eye inflammation in dogs, including: 

  • Irritants like dust, smoke, or shampoo. 
  • Foreign objects, such as grass blades, get into the eye.
  • Decreased tear fluid production. 
  • Anatomical deviations, like misaligned eyelashes, cause irritation. 
  • Corneal damage. 

Symptoms of Eye Inflammation in Dogs: 

It is crucial for dog owners to be observant and look for specific symptoms that might indicate eye inflammation. These include: 

  • Redness, swelling, or inflammation in or around the eye. 
  • Increased tear flow or sticky eye discharge. 
  • Blinking or squinting of the affected eye. 
  • Sensitivity to light. 
  • Rubbing or pawing at the eye. 


Diagnosing eye inflammation in dogs involves similar procedures to those used in humans. The veterinarian may perform the following tests: 

  • Visual examination of the eye and eyelids. 
  • Schirmer test to measure tear fluid production. 
  • Fluorescein staining to detect corneal damage. 
  • Use of a slit lamp and an ophthalmoscope to examine the anterior and posterior parts of the eye. 
  • Intraocular pressure measurement to check for signs of glaucoma. 
  • Cytology to identify possible bacterial presence or other forms of inflammation. 
  • Blood and urine tests to assess general inflammation or underlying diseases. 


Treatment for eye inflammation varies based on its cause. If you notice signs of inflammation, you can start by gently rinsing your dog’s eyes with common salt. Softening and lubricating eye drops may also be helpful. However, it’s essential to consult your veterinarian for advice before proceeding with any treatment. 

If your dog’s condition does not improve or if it appears to be in pain, it’s crucial to have the eyes checked by a veterinarian. Based on the cause of inflammation, the vet will recommend the appropriate treatment. 

Eye inflammation in dogs can be caused by various factors, and early detection is essential for timely and effective treatment. Monitoring your dog’s eye health and seeking veterinary advice when symptoms arise can help maintain your pet’s visual health and overall well-being. As responsible dog owners, it’s crucial to act promptly and provide the necessary care to ensure your furry companion leads a happy and comfortable life.